Canada Immigration

Canada Immigration

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OVERVIEWWHY CHOOSE CANADA TO IMMIGRATE?CANADA PERMANENT RESIDENT VISA – EXPRESS ENTRYCANADA PERMANENT RESIDENT VISA- Express Entry, Express Entry Pool, Comprehensive Ranking System, Draws, NOC, Job Bank and Qualification EvaluationELIGIBILITY FOR PERMANENT RESIDENT VISAVISA APPLICATION PROCEDUREVISA PROCESSING TIME AND FEES STRUCTUREREQUIRED DOCUMENTSFAQS
Capital: Ottawa

Languages: English, French, Chipewyan, Cree

Official Currency: Canadian Dollar [CAD $]

Major Cities: Kitchener, Winnipeg, Hamilton, Quebec, Edmonton

Canada at Glance

Canada’s capital is Ottawa, situated in the province of Ontario, and its major urban centers are: Toronto – Montréal – Calgary & Vancouver. Canada is an industrialized country with advanced technology, and its economy is primarily founded on its rich supply of raw materials and resources. The United States is its principal trading partner. One of Canada’s most recognizable symbols is the maple leaf. Officially adopted in 1965, the Canadian flag features a red maple leaf at its centre. Another endearing and enduring symbol is most certainly the beaver, the largest of rodent species, integral in trade and exploration throughout the early history of Canada. The beaver was declared Canada’s official emblem in 1975.

Canada is a democratic constitutional monarchy, so the head of state is the British monarch, and the government is led by a Canadian Prime Minister. Canada is governed at the federal level by an elected parliament, based on the British model, and federal, provincial and territorial governments share the responsibilities of administering different state mandates. Canada is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally, and the eighth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.

For more details please visit: Canada

Geography

Much of Canada’s topography consists of gently rolling hills with rock outcrops because the Canadian Shield, an ancient region with some of the world’s oldest known rocks, covers almost half of the country. The southern portions of the Shield are covered with boreal forests while the northern parts are tundra because it is too far north for trees. In almost every part of Canada there are lakes and rivers. Canada has over 2 million lakes covering 7% of the land mass. The largest lake is the Northwest Territories’ Great Bear Lake. It is estimated that Canada is home to one-seventh of the world’s fresh water.

Canada has a land mass of 9,970,610 square kilometers and occupies the northern half of North America. From east to west, Canada encompasses six time zones. Canada has coastlines on the Atlantic and Pacific and the Arctic Ocean, giving it the longest coastline of any country. Canada’s southern boundary is an 8,892 kilometer border with the United States. Northern Canada’s Arctic islands come within 800 kilometers of the North Pole. Westward toward the Pacific, most of British Columbia, the Yukon, and part of western Alberta are covered by parallel mountain ranges, including the Rockies. The Pacific border of the coast range is ragged with fjords and channels. The highest point in Canada is Mount Logan (19,850 ft; 6,050 m), which is in the Yukon. The two principal river systems are the Mackenzie and the St. Lawrence. The St. Lawrence, with its tributaries, is navigable for over 1,900 mi (3,058 km).

For detailed information please visit: Geography of Canada

Climate

Canada’s climate varies with location but the country is classified as being temperate in the south to arctic in the north, winters however, are normally long and harsh in most of the country. Average winter and summer high temperatures across Canada vary according to the location. Winters can be harsh in many regions of the country, particularly in the interior and Prairie provinces, which experience a continental climate, where daily average temperatures are near -15 degrees Celsius (5 degrees Fahrenheit) but can drop below -40 degrees Celsius (-40 degrees Fahrenheit) with severe wind chills. In non coastal regions, snow can cover the ground almost six months of the year. Coastal British Columbia enjoys a temperate climate, with a mild and rainy winter.

When the temperature does drop, Canadians stay warm thanks to an infrastructure of heated houses, cars and public transportation systems. Some cities have also installed walkways to and from buildings in schools. Canada’s climate is not as cold all year round as you might think. Winter temperatures fall below freezing in most of Canada but the South Western coast is relatively mild. Along the Arctic Circle is where it is coldest, the temperatures fall below freezing for around seven months of the year. During the summer the Southern provinces often have temperatures of over 86oF and high levels of humidity. In terms of rainfall, Western and South-Eastern Canada has the most, while the Prairies are dry and only get 250 – 500 mm per year.

Reference: Climate of Canada

Culture

Canada is culturally diverse. This goes back to the 1890s when it began inviting people from all over the world to settle in the country to help it develop and grow. Canadian immigration policy was historically open, welcoming and egalitarian in its philosophy. This has also manifest into the psyche of the nation where people are encouraged and to retain their cultural identities, traditions, languages and customs. Canadians come from many different racial and religious backgrounds. Consequently, it is not easy to define a typical Canadian family. Although the majority of Canadians are Catholic or Protestant, many belong to other religions. Some cultural characteristics, however, are shared by most Canadians.

It is customary to shake hands when being introduced. It is not usually considered objectionable to lightly touch someone on the shoulder or elbow during a discussion. Most Canadians do not often kiss or hug when greeting friends. Canada enjoys a society that is open and relatively free of class distinctions. Most Canadians take pride in the fact that all people deserve the same rights and respect, regardless of their gender, race, religion, or cultural background. People in Canada usually resent comments that seem disrespectful to anyone from a particular background.

For further information, please visit Culture of Canada

Food

The favorite foods of Canadians vary slightly from region to region, and are strongly influenced by their family heritage, especially in relation to holiday celebrations. Along the Atlantic coast, seafood and dishes derived from English traditions (except in Quebec) are common. In Quebec, favorite foods come from the area’s French heritage. Throughout Canada, maple syrup and maple products are popular, reflecting the significance of the maple tree, whose leaf adorns the flag of Canada. Many families enjoy a visit in early spring to a maple sugar “shack,” the special rustic building where sap from maple trees is boiled in a large open pan to make maple syrup.

Later in the spring, many people in Eastern Canada visit a wooded area to harvest fiddleheads. Fiddleheads, named because they look like the coiled end of a violin (“fiddle”), are the tasty new sprouts of woodland ferns, picked before they develop into large lacy fronds. They are a fragile spring specialty, usually available for just a few weeks in the spring. Grocery stores in Canada may stock frozen fiddleheads alongside other frozen vegetables.

For further information, please visit Cuisine of Canada

  • You and your family members are entitled to free medical and educational facilities.
  • You can avail of government welfare benefits.
  • You can go in & out of Canada as and when you like.
  • Compared to the US, the processing of P.R application is quicker and straighter forward.
  • You can obtain citizenship within 3 years whereas it takes 5 years to obtain American citizenship for a Green card holder.
  • Canadian citizenship is a passport to visit any place in the world. Receive most of the benefits that Canadian citizens receive, including health care coverage and funding from OSAP.
  • Attend any high school, college or university.
  • Live and work anywhere in Canada.
  • Apply for Canadian Citizenship
  • Receive protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
  • As a per¬ma¬nent res¬i¬dent, you can’t vote nor can you run for polit¬i¬cal office. As a Cana¬dian cit¬i¬zen, you can par¬tic¬i¬pate in shap¬ing the country’s future.
  • Bet¬ter job prospects: most fed¬eral gov¬ern¬ment jobs are noto¬ri¬ously impos¬si¬ble to get as a per¬ma¬nent res¬i¬dent because pref¬er¬ence is given to Cana¬dian cit¬i¬zens. While not impos¬si¬ble, get¬ting a high secu¬rity clear¬ance might be more dif¬fi¬cult if you are not a Cana¬dian citizen.
  • The principal applicant can make spouse and children up to 19 years part of his immigration application. As regards his parents, he can sponsor them for Canada permanent residence visa or a Canada super-visa.
  • Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB) – For families with children under the age of 18 who are considered to have a low-income, the Canadian government provides monthly tax-free payments to help cover expenses.
  • Old Age Security, Guaranteed Income Supplement, and Canada Pension Plan – All three of these programs are designed to provide financial support to workers after they reach retirement age – currently age 65. To be eligible, you have to meet specific residency requirements and to have contributed to the system by paying taxes in Canada. However, most permanent residents will qualify for at least partial payments from these programs.
  • Universal health care – Most necessary medical expenses are covered through the Canadian universal health care program. These expenses include visits to emergency room, immunizations, yearly exams, etc.
  • Free education – All children under 18 are entitled to a free education in the Canadian public school system.
  • Maternity and parental leave – In Canada, working parents are given time off when a new baby is born or adopted. Women can take up to 12 months of maternity leave and receive 50 to 65% of their normal income. Partially paid parental leave is also available for up to 35 weeks. One parent can take all 35 weeks or both parents can split the allotment of time (i. e. one parent takes 20 weeks while the other takes 15 weeks). To be eligible for parental leave, you must have worked in Canada for at least 600 hours.
  • Additionally, being a permanent resident gives you the opportunity to become a Canadian citizen after only three years of living and working in Canada.
  • Once you become a citizen, you can run for political office, become involved in political activities, and vote in elections. You can also maintain duel-citizenship, so you don’t have to give up citizenship in your home country just to enjoy the benefits of Canadian citizenship.
  • All of these benefits and more become available to you when you are a permanent resident of Canada.

Express Entry

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) recently announced that Canada’s long awaited expression of interest program will be opening in January 2015. The new program, “Express Entry,” is exciting for skilled workers around the world who are interested in immigrating to Canada. Express Entry is a completely electronic process involving the federal government, provincial governments, and Canadian employers. The new program will involve many improvements to Canadian immigration, including quicker processing times, greater accessibility to applicants from a wider variety of different fields, and a greater focus on the quality of applications. Please check the link in the title for detailed information. Applicants need to create their profile for free in Express Entry system.

Express Entry Pool, Comprehensive Ranking System [CRS] & Draws

Pool contains the applicants from different occupations. Once you make your express entry profile and if you are eligible you are placed in express entry pool with other candidates. In the pool you compete with other candidates of your occupation. You will be ranked based on your CRS Score. Comprehensive Ranking System has 1200 points in total. You get points based on various factors. Calculate your CRS Score here. There is no minimum requirement for 1200 point calculator. The higher your score will be the higher your chances of selection will be. Draws are rounds of invitations to invite the possible candidates for immigration to Canada. There will be regular draws and the candidates will be selected as per their CRS score. Please check the link in the title for detailed information.

NOC

– National Occupational Classification

All the occupations are titled with codes and you need to find your NOC code as per your job title and duties. Your application for permanent residency will initiate with NOC code selection. It is very important to have a suitable NOC code as based on that your profile will be created and reviewed. Please check the link in the title for detailed information.

Job Bank

Job Bank is Canadian Government website for job hunt. All the applicants have to create their account on job bank and search for jobs of their interest. Job Bank and Express Entry profile are linked with each other so that the employers, government and provinces of Canada can look up for the candidates of their interest. Job Bank will give all the information like Canadian job market, minimum wages, vacant positions by province and much more… Please check the link in the title for detailed information.

Qualification Evaluation

It is compulsory to have your educational documents and degrees assessed by government authorized bodies. This process has to be done before applying under express entry system. You will need the original report of your Educational Credential Assessment attached with your application. The report is valid for five years. Please check the link in the title for detailed information.

Applicants need to have their Transcripts attested and sealed in an envelope by educational institutes that they have attended in their or any foreign country. Ask the university/colleges to send the transcripts sent directly to the assessing authority. Applicant should send the mark sheets and degree certificates attested photocopies by university/college professional to the assessing authority separately. The assessing authority will review the documents and send the evaluation report to us.

If you are eligible for any one of the following program than you are eligible to apply under express entry.

• Federal Skilled Worker Program

There are six selection factors to b eligible for this category. You must score 67 points out of 100 points.

Age: [Maximum 12 points]

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Qualification: [Maximum 25 points]

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Work Experience: [Maximum 15 points]

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Language Proficiency: [Maximum 24 points]

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Check your CLB calculator here.

Arranged Employment in Canada: [Maximum 10 points]

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Adaptability: [Maximum 10 points]

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Federal Skilled Trades Program

  • If your occupation fall under the categories listed below:
  • • Major Group 72, industrial, electrical and construction trades,
    • Major Group 73, maintenance and equipment operation trades,
    • Major Group 82, supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production,
    • Major Group 92, processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators,
    • Minor Group 632, chefs and cooks, and
    • Minor Group 633, butchers and bakers

  • at least two years of full-time work experience
  • minimum language level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 5 for speaking and listening, and Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 4 for reading and writing
  • must plan to live outside the province of Quebec because it has its own nomination program
  • If you are married or live with a common-law partner who also meets the above conditions, you can decide which one of you will apply under Express Entry as the principal (main) applicant
  • You must be admissible to Canada

Canadian Experience Class

  • at least 12 months of full-time (or an equal amount in part-time) skilled work experience in Canada in the three years before you apply
  • minimum language level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 for NOC 0 or A jobs OR Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 5 for NOC B jobs
  • must plan to live outside the province of Quebec because it has its own nomination program
  • If you are married or live with a common-law partner who also meets the above conditions, you can decide which one of you will apply under Express Entry as the principal (main) applicant
  • You must be admissible to Canada

provincial nominee

  • You must have an invitation from a province
Step 1

Apply for Qualification Evaluation report.
WES

World Education Services – Applicants should apply for the report online. It will take approximately 1.5 months so meanwhile you can keep your IELTS score card ready.

Step 2

Determine your eligibility and Create Express Entry Profile online

Go to the Canada immigration website and check your eligibility. You will receive a code which you should indicate while you create your express entry profile. Fill all the details accurately and at the end you will receive the results. The system will calculate your CRS score and inform you about the categories in which your profile matches. You can delete your profile and create new profile if you wish. When you finish the profile you will also get a job bank code.

Step 3

Create Job Bank profile

Create job bank profile and utilize the facilities provided. Use the job bank code that you get from express entry profile to job match services. Apply jobs from job bank and wait for your invitation. If any employer offers a job, province nominates or the federal government selects [if your score is high in the pool] than only you get invitation. Check once you are in pool to maximize the possibilities of your selection. Wait for Rounds of Invitation for your selection.

Step 4

Receive Invitation to apply

It will be valid for 60 days. Fill the application form, pay your Fees and scan all your documents online. Wait for the visa invitation letter.

Step 5

Supporting Papers Submission – Medical Examination, Police Clearance

If your application is successful, you and your family members will be asked to provide documents related to medical examination and police clearance certificate. Fill the application and pay your fees. Send your passport for visa stamping. You will then have to wait for the final ‘Visa Letter’!

Step 6

Track your application. Check Application Status.

Step 7

Receive the visa in courier at your home.

3 step process:

• Qualification Evaluation Process

  • $322.05/applicant – Approx processing time 1.5 months

• Invitation to apply for Visa [wait for your selection in rounds of invitation]

  • Principal Applicant – $ 550
  • A Family Member (Age =>22 Years or Age < 22 is a Spouse) - $ 550
  • A Family Member (Age < 22 other than spouse) - $ 150

• Visa Stamping

  • RPRF (Right of Permanent Residence fees/person) – $ 490 – Approx processing time 2 months

NOTE:

all the fees mentioned are in Canadian Dollar. The fees mentioned above can change anytime without prior notice.

Applicant Identity other documents
  • Completed Application Form – Signed and Dated
  • Certified copy of passport biographical identification page and/or Birth Certificate
  • Original ECA report and IELTS Scorecard
  • Marriage Certificate if accompanied by spouse
  • Medical Certificate

• Original letter issued by a doctor, printed on hospital or clinic letterhead, attesting to the applicant’s good state of health
• Must include the doctor’s name and signature, and the address and telephone number
• Must be issued within 90 days of applying and 2 weeks prior to visa appointment
• Handwritten notes or small pieces of paper are not acceptable to fulfill this requirement
Steps: Book an appointment, go to the nearest hospital, par fees, get yourself examined, receive your reports within 5-7 days & carry the reports to your visa interview
Documents Required: original appointment letter, passport, three recent photographs & medical records of vaccination, prior illness/treatments and chest X-rays
• Refer MEDICAL CERTIFICATE to find nearest hospital, know the fees for different medical examinations and the complete procedure

  • Police Clearance Certificate from nearest passport office

Steps: Book date online for appointment, fill the application form and pay fees Rs. 500
Documents Required: passport & proof of address [if address in passport differs from current] Provide current and one year old electricity/telephone/gas bills
Track your application & courier online and receive it in normal/tatkal delivery. Refer PASSPORT SEVA for the whole process

Qualification Evidence
  • Mark sheets, Transcripts and Degree Certificates from all the educational institutions attended
  • Course Syllabus or Outline
Proof of Funds
  • Bank Balance Certificate

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You do not have to show that you have these funds if:

  • you have a valid offer of arranged employment in Canada AND
  • you are currently working or authorized to work in Canada.
  • Find more info on Proof of funds
Employment Evidence
  • Employment/Experience letter for each employer on company letterhead mentioning start date, end date, job title, duties performed, work hours, salary, employers address and contact details, email and contact number of the letter issuing individual
  • Pay slips from each employer
  • Annual payment summery
  • Tax returns – at least last 3 years
In case of the self Employment
  • Personal statement or statutory declaration on company letterhead mentioning start date, end date, job title, duties performed, work hours, contact details, number of staff employed, description of tools, equipments and workshop
  • Three clients with contact detail for each year of self employment claimed
  • Trade license and business registration certificate
  • Statement from accountant or legal representative
  • Supplier statement with business explained in detail
  • Annual income summery
  • Tax returns – at least last 3 years

NOTE: All evidence is required to be submitted as a certified copy. English translation is must. Please note additional requirements for periods of self-employment

How will Yourway Migrations Pvt. Ltd Help Me?
  • Counseling and information on various immigration options available
  • Application forms – Brochures – Guides etc.
  • Admission Assistance
  • Visa Counseling
  • Travel and Accommodation arrangement assistance
  • Procuring Residential Facilities with Indians for immigrants going abroad
  • Giving Orientation kit.

Please visit www.yourwaymigrations.com

I am a software programmer with more than one year of work experience. Do I qualify for Permanent Immigration (PR) to Canada?

Under the Quebec regulation if you are ready to learn conversation level of French language you can qualify for immigration to Canada.

How long does it take to obtain P.R of Canada?

Every Canadian High Commission around the world is independent for processing the permanent immigration application. Every office has its own processing time depending on the number of applications received by that office. At present the processing time is 8-12 months in USA. In India the processing time is 24-30 months. This time is calculated from the date of filing the application.

Can I work in the US after obtaining P.R of Canada?

You cannot work while in the US while you are a permanent resident of Canada unless you have H-1 visa for USA. The citizens of Commonwealth countries can not freely visit the US when they are permanent residents of Canada. They need to apply for visitor visa. It is possible to work in the US after you become a Canadian citizen. Citizenship is obtained after being a permanent resident for a minimum of 3 years. Once you become a Canadian citizen, you can work anywhere in North America legally under the NAFTA agreement.

When can I apply for Canadian citizenship?

If you have remained a permanent resident of Canada for 3 years in the last 4 years, you may apply for Canadian citizenship.

I am an Indian passport holder. Can I apply for Canadian P.R outside India?

Irrespective of nationality & citizenship any professional and businessman can apply for Canadian P.R at any Canadian High commission around the world where they can present themselves for an interview when they are called for provided under regulation they have worked for one year in that country.

Once I get my P.R of Canada, what is the time limit to come to Canada?

The P.R visa has a validity of 6-12 months from the date of medical examination taken. You must enter Canada during this prescribed period of time. Under no circumstances can this time period be extended.

For how long is the permanent residency of Canada valid?

The P.R of Canada is valid for a period life time. However to maintain your PR you must stay physically in Canada for two years in 5 years period to maintain your PR. (Either at a time or at separate time)

I have no legal status/ visa to stay in the US. Can I apply for P.R of Canada?

You can NOT apply for Canadian permanent residency if you have no legal status in the US. However if you have some social security number and paid tax for all years you may apply for PR of Canada.

Does Canada have work permit visa (H-1 visa) like the US?

Yes, Canada has a work permit visa for IT professionals. This regulation came into existence on 5th May 1997 and is known as Software Pilot Project. Under this regulation there are seven types of IT professionals who can apply for Canadian work permit provided you have a job offer from a Canadian company. There is no requirement to obtain a Job Validation ( labor certification) from the Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC), the labor department of Canada. The processing time is as little as 1-2 weeks.

What are the job prospects for IT professionals in Canada?

As per one survey, there are more than 40,000 IT professionals required in Canadian IT industry in the next two years. However, the Canadian IT employer is more interested in hiring a candidate who is a permanent resident/ citizen of Canada rather than hiring a professional on a work permit.

Can I sponsor my family members after I become a permanent resident of Canada?

Yes you can sponsor your immediate family members such as your parents, brothers and sisters under the age of 22, uncle, aunty, nephew, niece and grandparents. If you are married, your spouse and children will automatically become permanent residents once you are approved to become a permanent resident and have applied for them as your dependents.

Can I change a job or profession or start a business in Canada once I become a permanent resident?

Yes, you can change your job, your profession on the basis of which you have received your P.R or start a business in Canada as and when you please once you become a P.R of Canada.

How is the standard of living in Canada?

The United Nations has voted Canada as one of the best places in the world to live. Canada has one of the highest standard of living in the world. The crime rate in Canadian cities is much lower than the American cities.

Is there any quota for granting P.R of Canada?

The government of Canada has decided to admit over one million immigrants over the next four years. There is no quota based on either nationality or occupation.

Who is included in the application for permanent residence?

The application for permanent residence generally includes the applicant, spouse or common-law partner or conjugal partner 16 years of age or older and any unmarried children under the age of 22 years. Children over the age of 22 may in prescribed circumstances, be included as accompanying family members.

Where are applications submitted?

Applications for Canadian permanent residence under the Skilled Workers Class are initially filed inside Canada through the Centralized Intake Office – Case Processing Centre in Sydney, Nova Scotia. Once approved, the application will undergo further processing with an appropriate immigration office outside of Canada that serves the country where the applicant is legally residing or the immigration office that serves the applicant’s country of nationality.

What about interview waivers?

Certain factors may justify the waiving of a selection interview. This is a highly discretionary aspect of the Regulations and is largely a function of the immigration office in question, the habitual residence of the applicant and the documentation in support of the applicant’s qualifications.

What documents are submitted along with the application? (Applicable for the Centralized Intake Office – Case Processing Centre - Sydney)

All Federal Skilled Workers applications must contain in prescribed format, the name, birth date, and address, nationality and immigration status of the applicant and all family members of the applicant and the class of visa being requested. The application must also contain the four-digit codes from the National Occupational Classification that corresponds to each of the occupations engaged in by the applicant and that constitutes the skilled worker’s work experience. Supporting documentation includes copies of passports, birth and marriage certificates, proof of language proficiency, evidence of past work experience, official evaluation of education credentials, evidence of sufficient settlement funds, photos and the required processing fees.

What if the intended occupation requires registration/licensing?

There are a number of occupations in Canada requiring registration and/or licensing, as a condition of employment, a process that varies from province to province. However, the employment requirements including occupational licensing is not a requirement that must be met as a condition of immigration approval.

Are assets/personal net worth determining factors in the selection process?

Under the skilled worker class, applicants must provide evidence of sufficient funds for the family to travel and settle in Canada as measured against the current annual Low Income Cut-Off (LICO) published by Statistics Canada.

A sum of approximately $22,000 would satisfy the requirements for a family comprising of the applicant, spouse and two children. Such evidence may be furnished immediately prior to visa issuance.

Exempt from this financial requirement would be applicants who have received an approved job offer in Canada.

Does it help to have a relative in Canada?

The principal applicant receives five points for adaptability if they or their accompanying spouse or common-law partner, have a close relative in Canada such as a parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, spouse, common-law partner, sister, brother, uncle, aunt, nephew or niece who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and is physically residing in Canada.